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The Research Imperative, Appendix 2: Selected Bibliography—Evidence-based Librarianship

Ann McKibbon, PhD

by Carol Perryman, Chapel Hill, NC and Joanne Marshall, FMLA, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill

Pioneering studies and more recent work from the field.


Librarians’ Roles in Supporting Evidence-based Health Care

  • Atlas MC, Smigielski EM, Wulff JL, Mary T. Coleman MT. Case studies from morning report: librarians' role in helping residents find evidence-based clinical information. Med Ref Serv Q 2003 Fall;22(3): 1– 14.
  • Eldredge JD. Evidence-based practice. In: Wood S, ed. Introduction to health sciences libraries. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. 2007:in press.
  • Harbourt AM., Knecht LS, Humphreys BL. Structured abstracts in MEDLINE, 1989–1991. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1995 Apr;83(2): 190– 5.
  • Haynes RB, Wilczynski N, McKibbon KA, Walker CJ, Sinclair JC. Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound studies in MEDLINE. J Am Med Informatics Assoc 1994 Nov–Dec;1(6):447–58.
  • Mayer J, Schardt C, Ladd R. Collaborating to create an online evidence-based medicine tutorial at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Med Ref Serv Q 2001 Summer;20(2): 79– 82.
  • Patel MR, Schardt CM, Sanders LL, Keitz SA. Randomized trial for answers to clinical questions: evaluating a pre-appraised versus a MEDLINE search protocol. J Med Libr Assoc 2006 Oct;94(4): 382– 6.
  • Salisbury L, Tombs HS, Kelly EA, Crawford S. The effect of end-user searching on reference services: experience with MEDLINE and Current Contents. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1990 Apr;78(2): 188– 91.
  • Scherrer CS, Dorsch JL. The evolving role of the librarian in evidence-based medicine. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1999 Jul;87(3):322–8.
  • Smith CA. An evolution of experts: MEDLINE in the library school. J Med Libr Assoc 2005 Jan;93(1): 53– 60.
  • Shipman BL, Schwartz DG, Dow SC. End-user searching and new roles for librarians. Med Ref Serv Q 1992 Fall;11(3): 1– 16.
  • VanHorn LJ. A hedge for searching nutrition and disease on MEDLINE. Med Ref Serv Q 1984;3: 31– 42.
  • White VJ, Glanville JM, Lefebvre C, Sheldon TA. A statistical approach to designing search filters to find systematic reviews: objectivity enhances accuracy. J Inform Sci 2001 Dec;27(6): 357– 70.


Librarians’ Research and Publication

  • Bao XM. An analysis of the research areas of the articles published in C&RL and JAL between 1990 and 1999. Coll Res Libr 2000 Nov;61(6)6:536–44.
  • Booth A. What research studies do practitioners actually find useful? Health Inform Libr J 2004;21(3):197–200.
  • Burdick AJ, Doms CA, Doty CC, Kinzie LA. Research activities among health sciences librarians: a survey. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1990 Oct;78(4):400–2.
  • Childs S, Dobbins S. The research-practice spiral. Vine 2003;33(2):51–64.
  • Dimitroff A. Research in health sciences library and information science: a quantitative analysis. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1992 Oct;80(4):340–6.
  • Hernon P. Research in library and information science: reflections on the journal literature [editorial]. J Acad Librarianship 1999 Jul;25(4):263.
  • Koufogiannakis D, Slater L. A content analysis of librarianship research J Information Sci 2004;30(3):227–39.
  • Perryman C, Lu D. Finding our foundation: analysis of the LISA database for research retrievability. JASIST 2007 Aug;55:in press.
  • Powell RR, Baker LM, Mika JJ. Library and information science practitioners and research. Libr Inform Sci Res 2002;24:49–72.
  • Turner K. Do information professionals use research published in LIS journals? Presented at: 68th IFLA Council and General Conference; Glascow, Scotland, UK; 18–24 Aug 2002.


Call to Action

  • Anderson RK. Inaugural address. In: Proceedings of the Ninety-seventh Annual Meeting, Medical Library Association, Seattle, WA, May 23–28, 1997. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1998 Jan;86(1): 117– 43.
  • Bradley J, Marshall J. Using scientific evidence to improve information practice. Health Libr Rev 1995 Sep;12(3):147–57.
  • Brice A, Booth A. Practical issues in creating an evidence base for library and information practice. Libr Inform Res News 2006;30(94):52–60.
  • Eldredge JD. The challenges ahead for evidence-based librarianship. Bibliotheca Medica Canadiana 2001;23(2):57–60.
  • Dalrymple PW, Bastille JD, Bradley J, Dee CR, Humphreys BL, Marshall JG, Weller AC, Webb RE. Using scientific evidence to improve information practice. Chicago, IL: Medical Library Association, 1995.
  • Hernon P. Components of the research process: where do we need to focus attention? [editorial]. J Acad Librarianship 2001;27(2):81–9.
  • Humphreys BL. Librarians and collaborative research: toward a better scientific base for information practice [editorial]. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1996 Jul;84(3):433–6.
  • Research Committee, Marshall JG. Influencing our professional practice by putting our knowledge to work. Inform Outlook 2003;7(1):40–4.
  • Stoffle CJ, Allen B, Morden D, Maloney K. Continuing to build the future: academic libraries and their challenges. Portal: Libr Academy 2003;3(3):363–80.


Research Methods and Issues

  • Bayley L, Eldredge J. The structured abstract: an essential tool for researchers. Hypothesis 2003;17(1):1,11–13.
  • Booth A. Bridging the research-practice gap? the role of evidence based librarianship. New Rev Inform Libr Res 2003;9:3–23.
  • Booth A. Clear and present questions: formulating questions for evidence based practice. Libr Hi Tech 2006;24(3):355–68.
  • Booth A, Brice A. Evidence-based practice for information professionals: a handbook. London, England, UK: Facet Publications, 2004.
  • Burroughs CM, Wood FB. Measuring the difference: guide to planning and evaluating health information outreach. Seattle, WA: National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region, 2000.
  • Crumley E, Koufogiannakis D. Developing evidence-based librarianship: practical steps for implementation. Health Inform Libr J 2002;19(2):61–70.
  • Davies JE. What gets measured, gets managed: statistics and performance indicators for evidence based management. J Librarianship Inform Sci 2002;34(3):129–33.
  • Dudden RF. Using benchmarking, needs assessment, quality improvement, outcome measurement, and library standards: a how-to-do-it manual. New York, NY Neal-Schuman, 2007.
  • Eldredge J. Cohort studies in health sciences librarianship. J Med Libr Assoc 2002 Oct;90(4):380–92.
  • Eldredge JD. Evidence-based librarianship. Hypothesis 1997 Fall;11(3):4–7.
  • Eldredge JD. Evidence-based librarianship: searching for the needed EBL evidence. Med Ref Serv Q 2000;19(3):1–18.
  • Eldredge JD. Evidence-based librarianship: the EBL process. Libr Hi Tech 2006;24(3):341–54.
  • Eldredge JD. Inventory of research methods for librarianship and informatics. J Med Libr Assoc 2004 Jan;92(1):83–90.
  • Eldredge JD. The randomised controlled trial design: unrecognized opportunities for health sciences librarianship. Health Inform Libr J 2003;20(supp 1):34–44.
  • MLA Research Section. Research bibliography. [Web document]. The Section. [cited 19 Jul 2007]. <>
  • Nicholson S. Approaching librarianship from the data: using bibliomining for evidence-based librarianship. Libr Hi Tech 2006;24(3):369–75.
  • Powell RR. Impact assessment of university libraries: a consideration of issues and research methodologies. Libr Inform Sci Res 1992 Jul – Sep;14(3):245– 57.
  • Trahan E. Applying meta-analysis to library and information science research. Libr Q 1993;63(1):73–91.


Critical Appraisal of Library and Information Science Literature

  • Booth A, Brice A. Clear-cut?: facilitating health librarians to use information research in practice. Health Info Libr J 2003 Jun;20(suppl 1):45–52.
  • Eldredge JD. Evidence-based librarianship: levels of evidence. Hypothesis 2002 Fall;16(3):10–3.
  • Glynn L. A critical appraisal tool for library and information research. Libr Hi Tech 2006;24(3):387–99.


Examples of Evidence-based Research from Library and Information Science

  • Booth A. Australian supermodel? a practical example of evidence-based library and information practice (EBLIP). Health Inform Libr J 2006;23(1):69–72.
  • Bradley DR, Rana GK, Martin PW, Schumacher RE. Real-time, evidence-based medicine instruction: a randomized controlled trial in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Med Libr Assoc 2002 Apr;90(2): 194– 201.
  • Brettle A. Information skills training: a systematic review of the literature. Health Inform Libr J 2003;20(supp 1):3–9.
  • LaPelle NR, Luckmann R, Simpson EH, Martin ER. Identifying strategies to improve access to credible and relevant information for public health professionals: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health 2006 Apr 5;6:89.
  • Marshall JG. The impact of the hospital library on clinical decision making: the Rochester study. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1992 Apr;80(2):169–78.
  • Marshall JG, Neufeld VR. A randomized trial of librarian educational participation in clinical settings. J Med Educ 1981; 56(5):409–16.
  • McKnight M. Interlibrary loan availability of nursing journals through DOCLINE and OCLC: a five-state survey. Bull Med LibrAssoc 2000 Jul;88(3):254–5.
  • Pearce-Smith, N. A journal club is an effective tool for assisting librarians in the practice of evidence-based librarianship: a case study. Health Inform Libr J 2006;23(1):32-40.
  • Weightman AL, Williamson J. The value and impact of information provided through library services for patient care: a systematic review. Health Inform Libr J 2005 Mar;22(1):4–25.


Appendix 1 | Table of Contents | Appendix 3