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EFTS - the online billing system for inter-library loans (ILL)

EFTS logo

Sign up for the new EFTS*

*Request a user agreement for your review and signature. One request per LIBID.

EFTS Announcements

Significant Changes to EFTS and DOCLINE after June 30, 2020

EFTS Update: February 27, 2020

EFTS User Agreements Now Available

750+ Libraries Support the New EFTS

EFTS Is Here to Stay

General Information

Last updated June 10, 2020

The Electronic Fund Transfer System (EFTS ) is the online billing system for interlibrary loan (ILL) transactions that collects an ILL charge from a borrowing library, on behalf of the lending library, and pays it to the lender, less a transaction fee.

  • Participating libraries are able to exchange funds for the payment of ILLs instead of creating their own invoices and writing checks to each other.
  • EFTS only processes the financial component of ILL transactions between a borrower and a lender, using ILL transaction information provided to EFTS by the lender.
  • The National Library of Medicine (NLM) DOCLINE platform is the preferred service to match a lender with a borrower.
  • The fulfillment of the ILL by the lender is managed outside of EFTS and DOCLINE, by the lender.

EFTS is currently operated by the University of Connecticut Health Center (UCHC) and has been since 1996, when UCHC and NLM collaborated to create EFTS.

On May 22, 2019, UCHC informed EFTS users that UCHC would regretfully cease EFTS operations on December 31, 2019, a date later extended to December 31, 2020. This announcement has understandably created major concerns for the many libraries that depend on the EFTS service. Since this announcement, MLA, UCHC, and NLM have collaborated on an MLA solution to launch a new and enhanced EFTS platform. UCHC has agreed to extend the current EFTS operations until MLA’s EFTS platform is operational, to ensure a continuity of service.

Check the Timeline

Libraries not signed up by June 30 may experience DOCLINE disruptions after July 1

Libraries who are signed up start configuration after June 15

UCHC EFTS will not accept ILL transactions dated after June 30

UCHC transfers balances to MLA on July 30

EFTS Powered by MLA starts processing July transactions after August3 

Check if your library has signed up.

Configure EFTS if you have signed up.

Request a user agreement from MLA (one request per LIBID).


  • There is a USD 275 Activation Fee for each account (one per LIBID) signing up for the new EFTS platform.
  • Libraries can opt to pay for the cost of the Activation Fee from their existing EFTS account at UCHC (specified when filling out the User Agreement).
  • Libraries will also indicate whether they want their current EFTS funds transfered to the new EFTS when the systems transition, or paid back to their library.
  • For current EFTS account information, please contact EFTS at UCHC..
  • Downloadable version of the User Agreement (pdf) (docx). Please note that MLA will not accept changes to the EFTS User Agreement. MLA will consider signing a vendor agreement in addition to the EFTS User Agreement, to address the specific requirements of a library.

Features and Enhancements

For a detail description of features, please consult the EFTS Configuration Guide.

User roles

Each library can assign multiple individuals as EFTS managers to access a library account. Those individuals can upload ILL lending transactions, access dashboards and reports, and generally administer the daily operations of EFTS.

One individual may have access to multiple libraries as an EFTS manager.

Each library designates an individual responsible for financial operations. This individual has access to the library's account, which is used as the financial gateway for EFTS.

One individual may be the one responsible for the financial operations of multiple libraries. Those all appear in one single dashboard.

EFTS fund account

Each library has money in its own EFTS fund account held by MLA on its behalf. Your library’s fund account receives money transferred by your library or earned by lending transactions, and is used to pay out money owed as a result of borrowing transactions or fees assessed by EFTS. Libraries with a positive fund account balance may transfer money out of their EFTS fund account.

Fund accounts and transactions are in US dollars only.

External fund transactions that work for everyone

We are making it simple for you to transfer money between your library and your EFTS fund account.

For payments from your library to your library’s EFTS fund account, you have the following options:

  • Check in US dollars sent to an MLA bank lockbox
  • Automated or manual electronic transfers (eCheck or ACH) by secure connection in US dollars
  • Credit card payment (Visa, MC, AmEx) in US dollars or non-US dollars (subject to bank currency conversion fees).

EFTS adds a 3% credit card processing fee for any payment made by credit card to offset credit card processing charges (to avoid this charge, send a check, or better yet, send an eTransfer).

For payments from your library’s EFTS fund account to your library, you have the following options

  • Check in US dollars sent to your library
  • ACH eTransfer secure connection in USDAutomated or manual electronic transfers (eCheck or ACH) by secure connection in US dollars
  • International wire transfer in US dollars or non-US dollars (subject to bank currency conversion fees and transfer fees)

Transfers from your library’s EFTS fund account to your library are processed quarterly. Those are triggered by rules configured by your EFTS manager.

EFTS uses as the secure gateway for financial transactions. is a “gold standard” for optimal user experience and high-level of security and internal controls, including payment card industry (PCI) compliance.

What is new:

  • You are in control, with no need to contact EFTS administrative staff (we will be available for support).
  • MLA holds no financial account information (e.g., credit card number, bank account number is securely held by if you opt to save it).
  • You receive your notices for payment automatically, and let walk you through the payment process (no more calling or faxing credit card information). You can still pay by check.
  • You can securely connect your bank account and save your credit card information, or not. Use checks (in US dollars) if that works best.
  • American Express is accepted. All payments by credit card are charged a 3% processing fee to cover the bank charge (unfortunately, that's new)

Flexible account configuration

In the default Wallet configuration:

  • You load funds into your library’s EFTS Wallet by check, credit-card, or eTransfer via the payment of an invoice sent by EFTS. The triggers, frequency, and amount of Wallet reloads are configurable by the manager, including manual reloads.
  • ILL transaction costs incurred by library through your borrowing activities are automatically deducted from the Wallet balance.
  • You agree to maintain a positive Wallet balance at all times.

The ILL Transaction configuration is available to libraries that are not allowed to carry a fund balance and that have been approved by MLA for this configuration. In the ILL Transaction configuration

  • Borrowers receive a monthly EFTS invoice for their borrowing transactions. Payment is expected within thirty days, unless a longer payment period has been agreed to.
  • Lenders receive payment for their lending transactions every quarter.

What is new:

  • The ILL Transaction configuration: it is designed for those libraries who are not allowed to (or do not want to) hold a balance outside of their institution.

Let DOCLINE and EFTS do the heavy lifting for entering ILL transactions (NEW)

Lending libraries will continue to be able to:

  • upload transaction files created by third party ILL management programs (e.g., QuickDOC, ILLiad, Clio)
  • enter transactions manually.

What is new: libraries will be able to opt to have DOCLINE provide the ILL transaction information to EFTS, eliminating the need for upload files or manual entries. This is how it works:

  • You input and regularly update your library’s ILL pricing grids with fields that reflect the standard DOCLINE fulfillment fields.
  • Each library has a default ILL pricing grid. You can create additional ILL pricing grids and attach the LIBID of specific libraries to each ILL Pricing Grid in order to accommodate preferential library consortium pricing.
  • The ILL transaction price will be calculated price based on the fulfillment features and lender’s pricing grids, not to exceed the maximum price specified by the borrower in their DOCLINE request.

Regardless of the configuration, lenders can review, adjust if necessary, and confirm their transactions before they are charged to the borrower(s). EFTS also allows lenders to credit transactions previously invoiced.

Useful dashboard, reporting, and notifications

You can view your library’s EFTS balances, transactions, and required action list through a combination of a dashboard and downloadable reports. You are notified via email when there is a required action item (e.g., validating transactions).


UCHC set EFTS fees 20+ years ago based on a significantly higher ILL volume and marginal use of credit cards.

To sustain EFTS operations, MLA will charge an account activation fee for all users, increase the transaction fee charged to lenders, and add a credit card transaction fee for libraries who use them.

As a borrower, if you pay by check or electronic transfer, nothing changes.

  • MLA-EFTS Library Account Activation Fee: US $275 (one-time)
  • ILL Transaction Fee: 10% of charged amount to borrower, paid by the lender when payment is received by the lender (was 6%)
  • Credit Card Processing Fee: 3% (was 0) - only applicable after the launch of the new platform

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is UCHC ceasing EFTS operations?

The EFTS platform was developed 20+ years on older technology that does not meet today’s security and operational requirements.

The volume of ILL transactions processed by EFTS has dropped by half in the last 10 years, resulting in insufficient revenues to support the UCHC administrative costs. UCHC estimates that it would need to invest US $200,000 to reprogram the platform.

Why is MLA taking over EFTS operations?

MLA and its chapters have a long history of being a financial clearinghouse for ILL transactions. Many of you may recall purchasing and redeeming coupons. EFTS is an essential service to many libraries and fits in MLA’s mission. For many smaller libraries, EFTS is the only affordable solution.

We determined that MLA has the expertise to develop a new platform that can provide enhanced service, use the latest technologies, and be sustainable at a lower ILL transaction volume. We can achieve this by adopting the latest technology, reducing administrative time, increasing transaction fees from 6% to 10% (that corresponds to a 4.3% reduction in margin for the borrower), and “crowdfunding” the development costs.

We aim to make the EFTS platform sustainable at a 50% decrease in transaction volume.

Why is there a US $275 activation fee? When is it due?

EFTS is operating at 50% of its volume from 10 years ago, with continued decreases forecast. In order to justify a US $200,000 investment in developing a 100% new platform, we are asking EFTS users to crowdfund the development, consistent with the communication that users received in May from UCHC.

We believe it is reasonable to forecast that 75% of the current 1,000 EFTS user will support a new platform, which adds up to US $206,250.

Payment of the US $275 is due only if MLA proceeds with the actual development. MLA will notify signed up users of its decision, at which time payment of the activation fee will be due.

Who can sign up for the new EFTS?

US and non-US libraries in good standing, with an active DOCLINE account and associated DOCLINE identification (LIBID).

There is NO requirement to be an MLA member. There is NO requirement to be a current EFTS library.

Click here to view the list of current EFTS libraries, sorted by LIBID.

How and when can my library sign up for the new EFTS?

You can request that we send you an electronic user agreement. You will have the option to:

  • Forward the agreement to the authorized signer
  • Sign the agreement electronically
  • Print, manually sign, scan, and upload the signed agreement

Great. How long will it take to launch the new EFTS?

Please consult the current EFTS timeline.

How will the EFTS transfer from UCHC to MLA happen?

UCHC and MLA have designed a transition to be as seamless as possible for you:

  • You can opt to have your EFTS balance of funds at UCHC transferred directly to your EFTS fund at MLA on the transition date. That way, you avoid the hassle of those funds coming back to your library.
  • All ILL transactions processed on UCHC’s EFTS platform (prior to the transition date) are settled by the UCHC system.
  • New transactions processed on the MLA’s EFTS platform (post the transition date) are entered into the MLA system.

In the days leading to the actual transition, expect several action items related to configuring your new EFTS account, so that all is set up prior to processing ILL transactions on the new system.

Until then, business as usual on UCHC's EFTS platform.

Stay tuned for updates. For immediate questions, please contact Kevin Baliozian, MLA executive director.