Use the alphabetical index to look up a term.
JUXTA - when used as part of a word, means "near," e.g. juxtacardia, near the heart
KELOID - excessive growth of scar tissue KETONE BODIES - substances produced by the normal breakdown of fats in the body; abnormal amounts of ketone bodies in the blood (ketoanemia) or urine (ketonuria) are an indication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or starvation
LACTASE - a substance secreted by glands in the small intestine that break down lactose (milk sugars) into simpler sugars. Lactose intolerance is the body's inability to digest lactose normally.
LALTO, LALO - when used as part of a word, refers to speech
LIGAMENT - shiny band of connective tissue that binds joints and connects bones and cartilage; similar to "tendon" which connects muscles to bone
LIPO - when used as part of a word, refers to body fat
LYMPH - thin fluid containing lymphocytes produced by lymph nodes that circulates through the lymph vessels
MALIGNANT - tending to become worse or invasive
MEMBRANE - a thin layer of tissue that lines or covers a part of the body, e.g. nasal membrane
METASTASIS - cancer cells migrating to spots outside the original cancer
MI - Myocardial Infarction, commonly called "heart attack," describes damage to heart muscle caused by decreased blood flow
MINOR SURGERY - any surgical procedure performed without general anesthesia
MONO - only, sole
MY, MYO - when used as part of a word, refers to muscle, e.g. myalgia, muscle pain, or myasthenia, abnormal muscle weakness
MYELIN - protective sheath encasing nerve fibers
MYOPIA - literally "weak eyes" or nearsightedness
NASO - when used as a part of a word, refers to the nose
NEONATE - infant from birth to four weeks in age
NEPHR, NEPHRO - when used as part of a word, refers to the kidneys, e.g., nephrectomy, surgical removal of a kidney
NEURO - when used as part of a word, refers to the nervous system, including the brain
NONINVASIVE - any medical technique that does not involve puncturing or entering the body
NOSO - when used as part of a word, means disease, e.g., nosocomial
ONCO - when used as a part of a word, means a tumor or mass, e.g., oncologist, one who specializes in tumors
-OMA - tumor
-OSIS - suffix indicating a condition, especially disease
OSTEO - when used as part of a word, means bone, e.g., osteoporosis, a condition characterized by porous or fragile bone.
OTITIS - an inflammation of the ear; otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear
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Medical Library Association
Last Updated: 2007 May 23