Much historical research can revolve around famous individuals, especially those for whom diseases, conditions, or anatomical parts have been named. The online database WhoNamedIt.com is a useful index to the medically famous. It is searchable in a number of ways, including by individual as well as by disease.
Just as in other areas, those famous in the health sciences sometimes have museums. The Websites to these museums can also provide biographical information on the person in question. Two examples are the Nobel eMuseum, which contains a searchable index of Nobel Prize winners and the Florence Nightingale Museum, which contains an illustrated section on her life.
Professional organizations, such as American Nurse's Association Hall of Fame are another source of biographical information. These societies are also useful sources of information about the history of the profession itself. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons' Cyber Museum of Neurology is an example.